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PCE Instruments: Optical Instruments

PCE Instruments: Optical Instruments


Optical Instruments for the measurement of timeOptical Instruments in microscopyOptical Instruments to enlarge objects

Optical Instruments

Optical instruments are based on scientific findings in field of optics. Optics is a branch of physics which examines and explains the travel of light and its interactions with matter. The principles of physical optics are included in the discipline of technical optics and therefore have an impact on construction, design and fabrication of optical instruments. The most famous optical instrument is of natural origin: the human eye. Its ability to convert electromagnetic waves with a wavelength of 380 nm (violet) to 780 nm (red), called visible light, by means of photosensitive cells in the retina, into neural impulses, which are evaluated in the visual cortex of the human brain, causes the humans ability of visual perception. The optic mechanism represented by the human eye is also used as the operating principle of simple optical instruments. By changing the curvature radius and refractive index, the focal distance can be varied and the beam of light can be focused, thus objects can be displayed with magnification. Microscopes, magnifying glasses, binoculars and telescopes are based on this simple principle. Mostly those instruments are passive devices, i.e. an external light source is necessary for the measuring. Complex systems are used in satellite techniques, where radio- and spectrometers are made for intensity measuring and spectral analysis. In addition to passive instruments, there are several areas where active optical instruments are used. For example, lasers are used in a CD-drive to read the stored data on the data carrier’s surface. Another famous technology is the LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging). If you can't find the optical instruments you are looking for, please contact us and we will help you find the best solution which suits your needs: UK customers +44(0) 23 809 870 30 / US customers (561) 320-9162. Our technical staff will advise you regarding our products. Our engineers and technicians will be happy to help you with the optical instruments, and of course, with the other products in the field of regulation and control, measuring instruments or scales and balances of PCE Instruments Ltd.

Optical Instruments: Thermal Imaging CamerasOptical Instruments: MicroscopyOptical Instruments: Food industry and Technology

Active Optical Instruments

Passive Optical Instruments

Active Optical Instruments Passive Optical Instruments

Functioning principle of optical instruments

Passive optical instruments: Important construction parts of passive optical instruments are optic lenses. Optic lenses are translucent glasses with two refractive surfaces. The refractive property of these surfaces is caused by concave or convex surface curvature, whereas a planar surface does not provoke any refraction of light at all. If an object is observed through a lens it can be either magnified or minimized depending on the implementation of the lens. Determining factors are mainly the focal distance and its reciprocal value as well as the index of refraction, with its unit dioptre, which is also important for classification of spectacle lenses. Therefore, the focal distances can be varied with the lenses in order to accommodate the optic image of an object in its size. 
Active optical instruments: In contrast to passive instruments, active optical instruments need their own light source to perform various tasks. The basic principle for this is the transmission of bundled electromagnetic waves and the reception of emerging echoes due to reflection on objects and surfaces. Whereas radar systems work with invisible short-wave radio waves, optical instruments send visible electromagnetic impulses (laser). Through relation of signal propagation time and light velocity, an accurate distance measurement can be performed, and the velocities can be determined in order to enable the imagery of objects. 

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US customers (561) 320-9162

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Below you will find an overview of the different product groups of measuring instruments

Absolute Humidity Meters
Alert Meters
Air velocity meters
Analyzers (Colour)
Analyzers (Combustion)

Analyzers (Gas)
Analyzers (Lan)
Analyzers (Noise)
Analyzers (Oxygen)
Analyzers (Ozono)

Cable detectors (electrical)
Cameras (Infrared Thermal Imaging)
Capacitance Meters
Coating Thickness Meters
Chlorine Meters
Clamp Meters
Climate Meters
Colour Meters
Clamp Meters
Conductivity Meters
Contact Thermometers
Current detectors

Data Loggers
Differential Pressure Meters
Digital Multimeters
Detectors (Humidity, Radiation, Voltage)
Dose Meters (Noise)

Dust particle analyzers

Electric Tester
Flow Meters Air
Flow Meters Gas
Force Gauges (digital)
Function generators
Frequency Meters
Gas Detector
Handheld Tachometers
Hardness Meters
Humidity Testers (Building material)
Indicator Sound Level
Indicator (Humidity)
Instruments (Environmental)

Impedance bridges
Infrared Thermometers
Insulation Meters
Lan Network Testers
Laser Distance Meters
Laser level
Laser meters
Laser thermometers
LCR Meters
Length Meters
Light Meters
Lux Meters
Material Thickness Meters
Measurement Devices (Force)
Measuring Meters (Distance)
Measuring Wheels
Meters (Combustion, Distance, Earth,
Energy, Environmental, Gas, Gloss, Ground pH, PowerPressure, Radiation, Salt, Temperature)
Modular signal Converters
Moisture Indicator

Multi-Parameter Photometers
Noise Meters
Ohm Meters
Oxygen Meters
Ozone Meters
Paper Moisture Meters

Phase rotation meters
Photovoltanic meters
Pitot tube air flow meters
Pocket pH-meters
Power Analyzers
Pressure Gauges
Quality Meters (Air)
Radiation Counters
Radioactivity meters
Reader (Temperature)
Recorders Data
Redox Meters
Relative Humidity Meters
Resistance Testers
Rotation meters
Roughness tester
Rotation meters
Roughness tester
Sensor (Temperature)
Signal converters
Signal Level Analyzers
Single-parameter Photometers
Sound Level Meters
Systems for Environmental
Stethoscopes (electronic)
Surface Thickness Meters

Telescope Meters
Temperature Probes
Testers Air
Testers Conductivity
Testers Earth
Testers Insulation
Testers Noise
Testers pH
Testers paper
Testers Sound
Testers Temperature
Thermal stress
Thermal Imaging Cameras
Thickness Meters
Torque meters

Ultrasonic Flow Meters

VDE tester
Vibration Meters
Video endoscopes
Voltage meters
Weather Stations
Wood (humidity)

Below you will find an overview of the different product groups of scales and balances

 Accurate scales
 Analytical scales
 Animal scales

 Baby scales
 Basic scales

 Bench scales

 Cask scales
 Crane scales
 Compact scales
 Counting scales

 Density scales
 Dosing scales

 Electronic scales

 Floor scales
 Force meter

 Hanging scales

 Hook scales
 Hopper scales
 Household scales
 Humidity scales

 Industrial scales
 Inventory scales

 Jewellery scales

 Kitchen scales

 Laboratory scales
 Lifting scales
 Load cranes
 Load scales

 Mechanical scales
 Micro scales
 Moisture scales
 Multifunction scales

 Package scales
 Pallet truck scales
 Pallet scales
 Paper scales
 Pharmacy scales
 Piece counting scales
 Platform scales
 Pocket scales
 Postal scales

 Precision scales
 Probe cutter

 Retail scales

 Scales for analysis
 Scales for carat
 Scales for colleges
 Scales for dentistry
 Scales for gold
Scales for people
 Scales for school
 Scales for transit

 Scales for weighing pallets
 Scales with a support
 Scales with counter
 Scales with software
 Shipping scales
 Spring scales
 Surface scales

 Systems (Hanging)

 Tabletop scales
 Thermo scales
 Trade scales

 Vehicle scales
 Verifiable scales
 Veterinary scales

 Water resistant scales
 Weighing hooks
 Weighing platforms
Weighing scales
 Weight indicator